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Female Health Issues-Breast Diseases

When we talk about breast diseases, the first thing that comes in our mind
is breast cancer. And this is not because this idea is in itself very
scary, but because of the amount of women suffering from it is staggering.

According to Breast Cancer.org, In 2018, an estimated 266,120 women
in America, suffer this disease and many more worldwide.

However; there are many others breast diseases that affect women more often than cancer and can create unnecessary concerns in their mind if they don’t know about it.

Breast diseases can be broadly classified into benign and malignant diseases. Most of the breast diseases are characterized by symptoms like, nipple discharge, lump, pain, and swelling.

These symptoms are common in both benign and malignant breast diseases. That’s why it is important to know a little bit about
the anatomy of the female breast so you can look for any abnormality
that it may come along in your body and take the necessary action to ensure good health for yourself.

Female Health Issues- Female Breast’s Anatomy


The breast is the tissue overlying the chest or pectoral muscles. Women’s breasts are made of specialized tissue like glandular tissue that produces milk and also fatty tissue. Fatty tissues determine the size of the breast.

The milk-producing part of the breast is organized into 15 to 20 sections, called lobes. Mother’s milk is produced in a smaller sections within the lobes named lobules.

The milk travels through a network of tiny tubes called ducts. The ducts connect and come together into larger ducts, which eventually exit the skin in the nipple.

The breast also contains ligaments that provides support and shape to it;
nerves that provides sensations and also contains blood vessels,
lymph vessels and lymph nodes. These are the parts of the breast that
are more prompt to diseases.

Female Health Issues-The Most Common Type of Benign breast Diseases

It is important to understand that not all breast changes are related to
cancer. There are many benign breast diseases or conditions which
affect millions of women every year. The most commons are:

  • Fibroadenoma.
    Fibroadenoma breast disease is marked by the presence of a solid benign tumor, a lump, which is made up of both glandular and fibrous connective tissues. This lump is painless and it feels like rubbery when you touch it. If this lump enlarge, it needs to be remove surgically. This disease is more common among African American women than any other ethnicity.
  • Sclerosin Adenosis.
    This benign breast condition occurs when in the tissues in the lobules
    begin to grow excessively. This disease can lead to the formation of
    a lump made out calcium, remember that the milk is produce in within lobules. This condition is usually painful. Doctors regularly perform a biopsy to find out whether it is cancerous or not.
  • Fibrocystic Breast Condition.
    This is not a disease; it is a condition that affects millions of
    women. It is characterized by lumpy breast. These lumps are round
    and movable. This breast condition is painful and usually occurs
    right before the menstrual cycle begins.
  • Fat Necrosis.
    Fat necrosis are lumps formed in the breast when the fatty tissues get damaged due to an injury or trauma. They are firm and round lumps and they are usually painless. They need to be removed to ensure they are not cancerous. Overweight women are more likely to have this disease than thing women.
  • Nipple Discharge.
    Nipple discharge is a benign condition usually green, yellow color or completely clear. The discharge commonly comes from multiple ducts in the breast or from a fibrocystic condition.

    The problem is that in case of breast cancer, nipple discharge could also occur; therefore, one should see a doctor immediately to find
    out the exact cause in case of nipple discharge

  • Acute Mastitis.
    This is condition that occurs in a breastfeeding mother when a duct is
    blocked and leads to a pool of milk formation. This in turn could
    lead to inflammation and later on to bacteria infections. But it is not a disease and can easily be treated with antibiotics.
  • Calcification.
    Calcification occurs when there is calcium deposits in the breast tissues. They appear as tiny white spot on the mammogram test.
    There are tow types of calcification: Macro-calcification and
    micro-calcification.

    Macro-calcification usually occurs as breast arteries get old due to age; but it can also be caused by inflammation and injury.

    Micro-calcification are tiny deposit of calcium in the breast tissues. This type could be cancerous and need to be analyzed further.

Best Practice to Maintain Healthy Breast

 

One of the most important thing that you can do to keep healthy breast is
to know your body. As a woman, you should know how your breast look and feel and be mindful of any change that may come.

If you are aware of your breast, you should notice any particular
change in its form and or sensation.

The National Cancer Institute announces  that it’s important to be familiar with how your breasts usually look and feel. That way, you’ll be better able to spot any changes so you can report them to your doctor.

Don’t panic. No every lump is cancerous.

Four out of five lumps felt in the breast are benign. Many times a new
bump turns out to be a cyst, or fluid-filled sac, associated with
hormonal fluctuations. Though a new lump is probably not cancer, get
it checked out by your doctor, just in case. Don’t panic.

Finally, like with any other illness, the best medicine is prevention. It has
been scientifically proven that, exercising regularly, eating healthy
and maintaining a healthy emotional balance will greatly contribute
to good health. Female breast diseases are not different. And above
all, make and keep all your medical appointments; regular check-ups
must be part of your life.

Justina Lantigua de Quezada

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