The women’s reproductive system is a very
complex and delicate set of organs that required constant care. It is
very important to take the necessary steps to keep it functioning in
optimal condition and, above all, to avoid infections. Due to its
nature, it’s subjected to many ailments if you don’t pay
attention and neglect its caring.
The female reproductive system is designed to perform many important
functions. It is the human part, along with the male cooperation,
that facilitates the existence of human life. It is, therefore, of utmost importance for human race.
The system produces the female egg cells that originates the continuation
of the human’s life cycle. Conception is the fertilization of a
female egg by a man’s sperm that takes place in a woman
reproductive system that, after a very complex process give birth to
a new human life.
Female reproductive system- A very complex mechanism.
Human reproduction starts with the female egg called ovum. The ova are formed in the female ovary
and then transported through the Fallopian tube where they may be fertilized by the sperm.
The egg keeps its travel to the uterus where it will start to grow if it has been fertilized,
starting the reproductive cycle.
The female internal reproductive organs work in a very harmonious way.
The outer organ is the vagina. This is a muscular tube that provides
the passageway from the outside of the body to the internal
components of the female reproductive system.
It has the ability to change size and provide the canal through which the sperm
enters the female body and also provides the passageway through which the baby
will be delivered.
Following the vagina comes the cervix. It is the lower part of the uterus and it is made
out very strong muscles. The cervix allows the flow of menstrual blood from the uterus
to the vagina in the menstrual cycle. It also directs the sperm into the uterus.
Right after the cervix comes the uterus.
This organ is the perfect environment for the growing and development of
the ovum. It is here that the fertilized egg gets implanted and
start to grow until the baby is mature enough for birth.
The egg gets to the uterus through the Fallopian tubes.
These are a pair of narrow ducts located in the
abdominal cavity and it is usually here that the male sperm
fertilizes to the egg while continuing it path to the uterus where it
finds the nourishment and conditions to develop into a baby.
The ovaries are located in the lower abdomen.
They are a very important part of the female reproductive system.
They release at least one egg each month for possible fertilization
and also produce hormones that trigger menstruation if the egg is not
fertilized by the sperm.
Women reproductive system- common ailments.
Vaginitis is a name for swelling, itching, burning or infection in the vagina
that can be caused by several different germs.
The most common kinds of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis (BV) and yeast, a fungus.
An infection or change in the normal balance of vaginal yeast and
bacteria can cause inflammation of the vagina. Symptoms include
vaginal discharge, odor, itching and pain.
There are many factors that can upset the balance in the vagina causing
vaginitis. Among the most commons are antibiotics, pregnancy, tight
pants, damp underwear, poor diet, douching and vaginal products like
sprays and lubricants.
If you have symptoms of vaginitis, see your healthcare provider for a
One of the most common issues with the cervix is cancer. Cancer
starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in
nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread
to other areas of the body.
Cervical cancer starts in the cells lining of the cervix, the lower part of the
uterus (womb). The cervix connects the body of the uterus to the vagina.
The normal cells of the cervix first gradually develop pre-cancerous
changes that turn into cancer.
Although cervical cancers start from cells with pre-cancerous changes, only
some women with pre-cancers of the cervix will develop cancer.
It usually takes several years for cervical pre-cancer to change to
cervical cancer, but it also can happen in less than a year.
The Pap test is a procedure used to collect cells from the cervix so that
they can be looked at under the microscope to find cancer and
That’s why it is so important for women to have the Papanicolau test (Pap
test) every year.
Problem in the uterus can be detected early. The
first sign of a problem with the uterus may be bleeding between
periods or after sex. Causes can include hormones, thyroid problems,
fibroids, polyps, cancer, infection, or pregnancy. Treatment
depends on the cause.
The Fallopian tubes
The most common problem with the Fallopian tubes are caused by block or
damaged preventing the egg to reach the sperm or preventing
a fertilized egg from moving from the ovary to the uterus to be implanted.
Abnormalities in the pelvis can prevent the egg from attaching to the
lining of the uterus and can block the Fallopian tubes.
The Fallopian tubes can sometimes be repaired, but in vitro fertilization
is usually recommended.
Vitro fertilization(IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility
or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child.
During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your ovaries and
fertilized by sperm in a lab.
Ovaries pain can be caused by multiple reasons:
a) Ovulation: This is the process of an egg being released
from the ovary and occurs on or around day 14 of the average
Some women do not feel anything during ovulation, but other women feel
severe discomfort for several minutes or hours when they ovulate.
Use heat therapy to ease cramps. A heating pad is another option that can
help ease cyst pain and menstrual cramping. Applying a hot water
bottle or heating pad to your lower abdomen may be very effective. You can find electric heating pads online or at
your local pharmacy or store.
b)Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
This is an infection that has spread into the female reproductive system.
Mos of the time the bacteria causing the PID is sexually transmitted.
It is also possible to get PID from an infection after childbirth, IUD
insertion, miscarriage, abortion, or another invasive procedure.
Mild PID is typically treated with antibiotics; however, more severe ones
may required hospitalization for treatment.
The ovary is connected to the abdominal wall by a thin ligament, through
which the blood vessels and nerves that supply the ovary also pass.
It is possible for that ligament to twist, or even become knotted.
This causes severe pain and could be a medical emergency.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that grows on a woman’s ovary.
They are very common and many times they can go undetected because
they do not cause major symptoms.
Most cysts are benign (non-cancerous), but in extremely rare cases they
may be cancerous.
Women’s reproductive system is a very complex set of organs that work
together to achieve a common goal. In spite of its complexity, they
tend to function very well provided that women take good care of
Tips for a healthy reproductive system
Keep your doctor’s appointments.
The best advice is prevention. The number one step to maintain a healthy
reproductive system and overall health for that matter, is to keep
your doctors appointments.
Have a calendar or any other way to remind
yourself of all your doctors’ appointments, especially
for your Papanicolau test.
Eat a healthy diet.
That means a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables and fewer processed
You want to exercise at least 30 minutes a day, five days a week, if not
every day. Aerobic exercises (walking, swimming, jogging, bicycling,
dancing) are good for women’s health in general and especially for
There is nothing more important for a woman’s reproductive health system
than practicing safe sex. The majority of ailments of the
reproductive female system is due to infections during sexual
Take care of your health and life will smile at you.